The National Center for Preservation and Training (NCPTT) and the National Museum of the Pacific War held a a three-day symposium, June 4-6, 2019 in Fredericksburg, Texas, discussing the preservation of United States military heritage from World War II to the Cold War.
Millions fought for the freedom of our country and for human rights around the world during World War II and the Cold War that followed. Like no American war fought before or since, the entire industrial, economic, and scientific capabilities of the United States were employed in winning World War II. The sites, structures, machines, tools, and objects, and more resulting from time help us to remember the people, places, and cultures that endured.
The symposium brought together conservators, architects, engineers, landscape architects, museum and site managers, and other cultural resource professionals to discuss state-of-the-science efforts to document, conserve, treat and adaptively reuse sites and features from our military heritage from 1939 to 1991, such as:
- Military bases and training facilities
- War machines: planes, tanks, and guns
- Military materials: concrete, metals, plastics, composites
- Camps: Relocation and Prisoner-of-war
- Nuclear Age sites: testing grounds and development sites
- Cold War sites: bunkers, silos, andmissiles
- Remembrances: monuments and memorials
- Archives: posters, photographs, letters, documents
The symposium was organized by the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, the Friends of NCPTT, Nimitz Foundation, and the National Museum of the Pacific War.
Keynote Speaker: Nancy Reynolds Bartlit
WWII historian, author, lecturer, and publisher, earned a BA in History from Smith College and a MA in International Communications from the University of New Mexico after she completed university studies on Japanese industry, technology, and language, including visits to Japanese research labs. She taught English in Sendai, Japan, thirteen years after WWII ended. In 2005, she co-authored Silent Voices of World War II. A past chair of the Los Alamos governing body and former president of the local Historical Society, Bartlit promoted a national park on the Manhattan Project, working with the Atomic Heritage Foundation and elected officials.
The Ongoing Battle of Ewa Plain, Hawaii: Resurrection of a Lost Battlefield, Ben Resnick, GAI Consultants
USS Indianapolis Discovered! Now What? – Analysis of a Wrecksite, Blair Atcheson and Dr. Richardson Hulver, Naval History and Heritage Command, Underwater Archaeology Branch
Using 3D Laser and Sonar Scanning to Monitor Oil Spill Impacts on Deepwater World War II Shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico, Melanie Damour, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
The MARAD Collection – Conserving Salvaged Military Objects, Josefina Maldonado, EverGreene Architectural Arts
Preserving the Historic Military Landscape at Camp Adair: A U.S. Army World War II Combat Training Camp in the Willamette Valley, Northwestern Oregon, Rick Minor and Kathryn A. Toepel, Heritage Research Associates, Inc.
Camp Laguna, Arizona, William J. Heidner, U.S. Army Center of Military History, U.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground
Rehabilitating the WWII Black Officers’ Club, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, Dr. Steven D. Smith, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology; Stephanie L. Nutt, USAG Fort Leonard Wood; and Adam Smith, US Army Corps of Engineers, ERDC- CERL
Preserving Second World War Internment History: A Texas Perspective, Dr. Lila Rakoczy, Military Sites and Oral History Program, Texas Historical Commission
Rohwer Reconstructed: Interpreting Place through Experience, Angelia Michelle Payne, Center for Advanced Spatial Technology, University of Arkansas
Preserving What Remains: Fort Sheridan WWII POW Branch Camps in the Cook County Forest Preserves in Illinois, Paula L. Bryant, Illinois State Archeological Survey
Cultural Landscapes of the Manhattan Project: Preserving the The Pajarito Site, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, Julie McGilvray, Guadalupe Mountains National Park and Robert Melnick, University of Oregon
Preserving World War II-era Atomic Weapons Research and Development Sites within Los Alamos National Laboratory for the Newly-created Manhattan Project National Historical Park, Jeremy C. Brunette, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Conducting an Assessment of Wooden Parabolic Arch Trusses in a World War II Blimp Hangar, Ron Anthony, Anthony & Associates and Doug Porter, Porter & Associates
High Flying Science – The Story behind the Bomber in the Lake, Susan R. Edwards and Jeffrey R. Wedding, Desert Research Institute
Plastics in Early Aircraft: Enclosing the Cockpit, Odile Madden, Getty Conservation Institute’s Modern and Contemporary Art Research Initiative
No Lone Zone: Two Preservation Paths in Preserving ICBM Facilities, Eric Leonard, Minuteman Missile National Historic Site and Christina Bird, Wyoming State Parks
Nike: Bringing a Site Up To Speed, Allan Blank, Golden Gate National Recreation Area
The Mole Hole: Effort to Help Save a Cold War Concrete Resource, Travis Ratermann, Arkansas Historic Preservation Program
Bringing a Cold War Relic Back from the Brink, Kim Daileander and Emily Eig, EHT Traceries
Preserving Public Memory: Caring for Mementos left at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Janet Folkerts, National Mall and Memorial Parks
Conservation of a Vietnam-era Aluminum Swift Boat for The National Museum of The United States Navy, Paul Mardikian, Terra Mare Conservation, LLC
The Positive Impact of the United States Army Airborne and Special Operations Museum on the Surrounding Civilian Community, James Bartlinski, Denise Wald, U.S. Army Airborne and Special Operations Museum
Preserving the Hardware of War: Challenges Faced in the Adaptive Exhibition and Storage of the US Army’s Technological Artifacts, Raymond Barnett, US Army Center of Military History, Museum Support Center-Anniston
Outdoor Display Aircraft: Considering Costs and Benefits, Daniel L. Phoenix, Air Force Global Strike Command, Barksdale Air Force Base
A Veritable Arsenal: Museum Collection Management at Springfield Armory National Historic Site, Alexander MacKenzie, Springfield Armory National Historic Site
Conservation of the Iwo Jima Monument Parris Island for the United States Marine Corps, Claudia Chemello, Terra Mare Conservation, LLC
Changing Landscapes: Challenges of Interpreting and Preserving Cold War Military Resources at the Former Olathe Naval Air Station, Johnson County, Kansas, Caitlyn M. Ewers, Assistant Cultural Resources Specialist and Brandy M. Harris, Senior Cultural Resources Specialist and Architectural Historian, Burns & McDonnell Engineering Company, Inc.
Changes and Challenges in the Archives at the National Museum of the Pacific War 1963-‐2019,Chris McDougal, National Museum of the Pacific War
Posters were presented during the opening reception at the National Museum of the Pacific War. Since 1967, the Museum has expanded to occupy a six-acre campus and gained a reputation as one of the premier military museums in the nation. Over the years the Museum was upgraded and enlarged, and the campus grew to accommodate the Memorial Courtyard, the Plaza of Presidents and the Japanese Garden of Peace.
Commemoration of Commonwealth War Dead of the Second World War in the United States, Dr. Catherine Paterson, Commonwealth War Graves Commission
White Sands Missile Range – Red Butte Display, Mason D. Miller and Kurt Korfmacher, AmaTerra Environmental, Inc.
Resurrecting Stalin: Confronting the Preservation Controversies at the National D-Day Memorial, Kathleen Marie Conti, HHM & Associates
Preserving a World War II POW Bridge at Fort Reno, Oklahoma, Shelly Wunderlich and Brandy M. Harris, Burns & McDonnell Engineering Company, Inc.
Training Targets of World War II and the Cold War: In Search of Military Geoglyphs, Jeffrey R. Wedding, Susan R. Edwards, Desert Research Institute
Attention to Detail: Application of Laser Scanning and History of Conservation Planning for 1940s Military Stone Gates, Dr. Kira E. Kaufmann, USAG Fort McCoy and Carey L. Baxter, US Army Corps of Engineers, ERDC-CERL
Oil and Water: Discovering, Investigating, and Preserving World War II Shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico, Douglas Jones, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
Preservation Meets Conservation at the Urbana Armory, Robin Whitehurst, Bailey Edward
Preserving U.S. Military Heritage at the Manhattan Project National Historical Park, Eric Boyle, U.S. Department of Energy
Preservation Efforts on a Pacific Battlefield Landscape, Nancy Farrell and David Gaddis, Cultural Resource Management Services
Structural Conservation Strategies for the WWII Japanese Concrete Buildings on Peleliu Island, Patrick Sparks, Sparks Engineering, Inc.
The Thursday afternoon field session took place at the National Museum of the Pacific War. We received a behind the scenes look at the museum’s collection and engaged in discussions about the conservation of textiles, such as leather bomber jackets, silk maps, and flags; and paper, including photographs (still and motion), documents, and books. We also discussed preservation of large macro-artifacts displayed both inside and outside the museum. These included metal objects ranging from artillery pieces and large naval guns to various ship structures.
Published by the Friends of NCPTT, the softcover bound proceedings book will include papers with color images submitted by symposium speakers.
Expected publication date is Fall 2019.
Sparks Engineering, Inc.
BEECK Mineral Paints
Lord Aeck Sargent
Council on America’s Military Past
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