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A Century of Design in the Parks
Preserving the Built Environment in National and State Parks

Preserving the Built Environment in National and State Parks

June 21 - June 23, 2016

Santa Fe, NM

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National Park Service Centennial Symposium Series

The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training (NCPTT), the Friends of NCPTTNational Park Service, the National Park Service Intermountain Regional Office, Bandelier National Monument New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs, the Living New Deal, and the ASLA New Mexico Chapter partnered to hold a three-day symposium discussing the preservation of National Park Service (NPS) designed buildings and landscapes. This event coincided with the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service.

The symposium focused on issues related to the preservation of park built features.  NPS built environments span one hundred years of development from the early rustic period when railroad transported tourists to large western parks; through a period of major construction and land conservation during the Great Depression completed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and Works Progress Administration (WPA); into the post-WWII era and the NPS Mission 66 campaign and up through contemporary development.  The NPS also played a major role in the improvement and development of state parks nationwide, through their administration and supervision of CCC and WPA crews working in these parks.

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Ethan Carr

Key Note Speaker: Ethan Carr, A Century of Design in the Parks: A Tradition of Reinvention in the National Parks

Ethan Carr, Phd, FASLA, is a landscape historian and preservationist specializing in public landscapes. He has taught at the Harvard GSD, the University of Virginia, and at the University of Massachusetts, where he is a professor. He has written two award-winning books, Wilderness by Design (1998) and Mission 66: Modernism and the National Park Dilemma (2007), and he is the volume editor of Volume 8 of the Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted, The Early Boston Years, 18821890 (2013). He is the co-editor of a volume on the history of world park design, Public Nature (2013).

Hugh Miller, FAIA, Former NPS Chief Architect: Park Historic Architecture Program Comes of Age with the Historic Preservation Act of 1966

Roger Reed and Barbara Wyatt, ASLA, NPS National Register of Historic Places: Finding Significance in Park Cultural Resources

Caleb Waters, Maintenance Mechanic Supervisor, Flagstaff Area National Monuments: Money Can’t Fix Everything: Facility Management Funding at the Flagstaff Area National Monuments

Timothy Davis, Ph.D., Senior Historian, NPS Historic Structures and Cultural Landscapes Program: Perpetuating the Thrill of the Old-Time Road: A Historical Perspective on Park Road Preservation

Mike Ford, Senior Associate, Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates and Liz Sargent, ASLA, Principal, Liz Sargent HLA: The Blue Ridge Parkway: Exemplifying the Evolution of the National Park Service Planning and Design

Frank Norris, Historian, National Trails Intermountain Region: Preserving Denali Park Road: Ninety Years of Challenge and Perseverance

3:00     Poster Session: Tuesday, June 21, 2016, 3:00 PM to 4:30 PM, Drury Plaza Hotel, Palace Ballroom B

The symposium featured a robust poster session offering a wide variety of topics. For more information, click here.

Julie McGilvray, Historical Landscape Architect, NPS Intermountain Regional Office and Michael Holleran, Director, Graduate Program in Historic Preservation, the University of Texas at Austin: Preservation, Innovation, and Education: Exploring the University Design Studio as a Platform for New Thinking in Resource Protection, Treatment, and Sustainability for the Next 100 Years

Tim Castillo, Associate Professor, ARTS Lab, University of New Mexico, and Adriane Zachmanidis, Principal, Kronosphere Design: Emerging Technologies: Their Evolution and Limitations within the Fields of Cultural Preservation and Interpretation



The symposium featured a robust poster session offering a wide variety of topics. For more information, click here.


old santa fe building poster(1)

Wednesday, June 22, 2016

Session A

Liz Hallas , AIA, Anderson Hallas Architects, PC: Many Glacier Hotel – The 100-year Rehabilitation

Suzana Radivojevic, Adjunct Faculty, Historic Preservation Program, University of Oregon: Effects of Climate Change on the Long-term Deterioration Trends of Wood in Cultural Heritage

Linda Jewell, FASLA, Professor, Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning, University of California, Berkeley: Rocks, Logs, and Circular Perfection: Design Parameters and Processes for Constructing Outdoor Theaters in the Nation’s Parks During the New Deal

Cynthia Brandimarte, Ph.D., Director of Historic Sites and Structures Program, Texas Parks & Wildlife Department.: Built Sturdy, Left Fragile: State Parks after the New Deal

Bess Althaus Graham, AIA, NCARB, LEED AP BD+C, Historical Architect, Historic Sites, and Structures Program, Texas Parks & Wildlife Department.: Restoring the Two-Step: Illuminating Texas Dance Terraces

David Driapsa, FASLA, David J Driapsa Landscape Architecture, Iconic New Deal Era Cultural Landscapes in the Florida State Park System

Langdon Oppermann, Architectural Historian/Planner, Joseph K. Oppermann – Architect, PA: “Supremely Ugly Museum:” Art Moderne at Ocmulgee National Monument

Brenda Williams, ASLA, Quinn Evans Architects: Indigenous Influences on National Park Service Design and Planning

Panel: Cultural Landscapes of the New Deal: Panelists Susan Ives, Deborah Jojola, Dr. Richard Melzer, and Jerry L. Rogers

Gray Brechin, Founder and Project Scholar, Living New Deal, the University of California at Berkeley, A Splendid Sunset of Craftsmanship: The Civilian Conservation Corps in the Public Realm

Laurie Matthews, ASLA, Director of Preservation Planning + Design, MIG, Inc.: Landscape Processes and Cultural Resources: Shifting Perspectives to Protect Mendocino Woodlands

Heidi Hohmann, ASLA, Associate Professor, Department of Landscape Architecture, Iowa State University: Solving the “Recreation Problem:” The Development of the National Recreation Area


Session B

Tim Mitchell, AIA, LEED GA, Historical Architect/Architect, Hennebery Eddy Architects: Assessment and Preservation of Mission 66 Visitors Centers

Dave Anderson, AIA, Principal, Anderson Hallas Architects, PC: Building on Dragons: Saving a Mission 66 NHL — the Quarry Visitor Center at Dinosaur National Monument

Cesar Ballester, Reasearch Associate, The Architectural Conservation Research Center: Modern in the Mountains: Rustic Reinterpreted at Jackson Lake Lodge

Tanya Wattenburg Komas, Ph.D., Founding Director/Associate Professor, Concrete Preservation Institute, Alcatraz/ California State University, Chico: Lessons from Alcatraz: The Concrete Preservation Institute’s Preservation-first Approach to Concrete Repair and Maintenance in the Context of Career Skills Training for Military Veterans

Fred Esenwein, Assistant Professor School of Architecture, Mississippi State University: Modern Architecture and Preserving the Historical Milieu: Richard Neutra’s Gettysburg Cyclorama and Visitor Center

Frank Matero, Professor of Architecture, Program in Historic Preservation/School of Design, University of Pennsylvania: History by Design: The Tumacácori Visitor Center as Historical Pastiche

Jake Barrow, Program Director, Cornerstone Community Partnerships: A Century of Earthen Architectural Conservation in the American Southwest National Parks

Frances Gale, Senior Lecturer/Conservation Scientist, University of Texas at Austin; Casey Gallager, Historic Preservation and Materials Conservation Consultant in private practice; Dennis Gerow, Historical Architect, Historic Sites and Structures Program, Texas State Parks and Wildlife Department: Texas Wildfires: Bastrop State Park and Beyond

Panel: Mission 66, The Navajo Lake Visitor Center, and New Mexico State Parks: An Unexpected Convergence: Panelists Robert Stokes, New Mexico State Parks; Steven Moffson, New Mexico State and National Register Coordinator, and Jeff Pappas, New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officer.

Lesley Gilmore, AIA, LEED AP-BD+C, CTA Architects Engineers: The Survival of Mission 66’s Canyon Village in Yellowstone National Park

John Feinberg, The Collaborative, Inc.: The Development of the NPS Standard House Plans and Adaptations: The Early Seminal Designs, Standard Designs, and their Modification

Robert J. Hotes, EYP Architecture + Engineering: The Second Century: Modernizing Park Buildings for the Next 100 Years


Thursday, June 23, 2016

Cynthia MacLeod, Superintendent, Independence National Historical Park: The Power and Process of Creating Independence National Historical Park in Urban Philadelphia – Details Matter

Margie Coffin Brown, Senior Project Manager and Historical Landscape Architect, NPS Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation: Designing in the Parks: Formative Years and Risk Taking Revisited

Robert Z. Melnick, FASLA, Professor of Landscape Architecture, University of Oregon; Noah P. Kerr, Graduate Research Fellow, Department of Landscape, University of Oregon: Assessing Effects of Climate Change on the Cultural Landscape: A Dual Approach

J.T. Stark, Preservation Program Coordinator, Bandelier National Monument: Challenges and Approaches to Preserving the Civilian Conservation Corps National Historic Landmark District and the Frijoles Canyon Archeological District, Bandelier National Monument



Bandelier National Monument CCC Historic District. The National Historic Landmark District has one of the largest collection of CCC buildings in the NPS.

Field Sessions at Bandelier National Monument 

The half-day field session at Bandelier National Monument allowed symposium participants to interact and understand some of the real-world preservation issues in a National Park.

Symposium Partners

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Debbie Smith<br /><small>Preserving the Built Environment in National and State Parks</small>


Drury Plaza Hotel<br /><small>Preserving the Built Environment in National and State Parks</small>
828 Paseo de Peralta, Santa Fe, NM 87501 United States
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National Center for Preservation Technology and Training
645 University Parkway
Natchitoches, LA 71457

Email: ncptt[at]nps.gov
Phone: (318) 356-7444
Fax: (318) 356-9119