Introduction

The stewardship of cultural landscapes provides the richness and complexity of the human story of our nation.

Examples of cultural landscapes range from a small homestead to a formally designed estate, a country road to a scenic parkway, a school yard to an industrial complex, and a farmstead to a civil war battlefield.

The National Center encourages research and partnerships in the field of historic landscape preservation to improve the technologies available to practitioners as they undertake the complex tasks of documenting, preserving, and interpreting the historic landscapes significant to a wide variety of people and cultures.

Blog

O’Keeffe Imaging Project

by Debbie Smith on 07/19/2012

Setting up for RTI image capture of Abiquiu main entrance

With support from a NCPTT grant, the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum is evaluating practical applications of digital photogrammetric methods for 3D documentation of historic objects, structures, and landscapes. In contrast to laser scanning, this method may allow anyone with a digital camera with a manual mode, raw capture, and a laptop computer to be able to gather ...

  • Development of Online Training
    by Debbie Smith on 07/18/2012
  • Reestablishing Vines on Historic Buildings
    by Debbie Smith on 09/27/2010
  • Speedy E-mails Save a Historic Tree in Illinois
    by Debbie Smith on 01/06/2010

    View All Blog Posts

  • Training

    Webinar: Preparing for the Next Disaster

    by Sarah Jackson on 05/03/2013

    9th Ward Damage after Hurricane Katrina

    The broadcast for Preparing for the Next Disaster has concluded. Once transcripts and closed captioning have been completed, we will place the videos online. Thank you for your participation. Should you have any questions, please comment on this post or email Sarah M. Jackson. NCPTT offered a free webinar “Disaster Preparedness for Cultural Resources: Preparing You ...

    Most Recent

    Historic Landscape Internship

    by Debbie Smith on 04/10/2014

    American Cemetery

    The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training (NCPTT) and the Cane River National Heritage Area are pleased to announce an internship opportunity with the National Park Service in Natchitoches, Louisiana. Job Description:  Inventory and map vegetation in historic American Cemetery, established around 1737.  Using an existing base map with some vegetation documented, the intern will ...

    NameDate
    National Mall Plan Project Part 1 (Podcast Episode 52)
    National Mall Plan
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Kevin: Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s Paul Cady ...

    06/06/2014
    Dendrogeomorphological Investigation of Earthwork Stability at Poverty Point SHS, Louisiana (2013-08)
    2013-08
     

    The Louisiana Office of State Parks recently undertook a project to remove all of the trees from the earthen mounds at Poverty Point State Historic Site in northeast Louisiana and replace them with grass. This was done in order to help preserve the mounds from the threat of uprooting trees and to make the site ...

    01/03/2014
    Modernizing Living Collections Management in an Historic Landscape (2013-04)
    2013-04
     

    With funding from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, the Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG) successfully developed, tested, and disseminated a modern data collection system to help manage living collections.  Utilizing mobile tablet computers, individuals can use the system while in the garden or greenhouse to accurately and efficiently map new plants, inventory plant ...

    09/19/2013
    Restoration of the Camden House Orchard
    photo1
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes   Kevin: Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s Paul Cady ...

    09/17/2013
    Trees: Storm Preparation and Recovery
    trees_featured
     

    Transcript Hi, I’m Debbie Smith, Chief of Historic Landscapes Program at NCPTT. Today I’m going to discuss ways to protect your trees before a storm and how to recover after a disaster.  Storm effects that I’ll be covering include:  Flooding, lightning strikes, and primarily wind damage. To prepare for a disaster, you need to know your trees and ...

    09/09/2013
    Archive of Digital Data for HABS, HAER, and HALS
    Jones Barn, Library of Congress Collection.
     

    This lecture was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA Archive of Digital Data for HABS, HAER, and HALS The NPS creates a variety of documents and records, such as inventory and monitoring plans, drawings, photographs, and conservation treatment records, to assist in the planning, management and ...

    06/11/2013
    Breaking Ground: Examining the Vision and Practice of Historic Landscape Restoration (1999-28)
    1999-28
     

    Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Restoring Southern Landscapes, October 2-4, 1997, Old Salem, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This publication was made possible through grant MT-2210-8-NC-31 from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training (NCPTT).

    04/08/2013
    TTU Field and Computer Lab Work Procedure for High Definition Documentation of the Arneson Theater, San Antonio Riverwalk, Texas (2007-17)
    2007-17
     

    In 2007, with funding provided by the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, a preservation team of architectural students from the Texas Tech University College of Architecture led by Professors John P. White and Gary W. Smith completed HALS documentation of the theatre and its surroundings using a 3D laser scanner and AutoCad.  Not ...

    03/27/2013
    Spatial Models for Parking and Pedestrian Access in Historic Downtowns: A Preservation and Design Perspective (1997-31)
    1997-31
     

    The University of Kentucky undertook a study funded in part by grant MT-2255-6-NC-16 from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training to establish models for the design and placement of parking and pedestrian corridors in historic small towns.  The project began with the assumption that organizational models could be developed to provide physical access ...

    03/27/2013
    Laser Scanning America’s Cultural Landscapes
    Laser Scanning America's Cultural Landscapes
     

    This poster was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA. Poster full size and detail Laser Scanning America’s Cultural Landscapes The Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) Documentation to the Secretary of the Interior Standards, Assessing the Value of Laser Scan Data The Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) mission is ...

    01/23/2013
    Integrating Aerial and Ground-based LiDAR in Appalachian Heritage Planning and Visualization
    Integrating Aerial and Ground-based LiDAR in Appalachian Heritage Planning and Visualization
     

    This poster was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Fransisco, CA. See Poster full detail and size Integrating Aerial and Ground-based LiDAR in Appalachian Heritage Planning and Visualization The Natural Resource Analysis Center (NRAC) at West Virginia University is building a portfolio of integrated LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) ...

    01/22/2013
    Best Practices for Digital Documentation
     

    This lecture was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA Best Practices for Digital Documentation by Ekaterini Vlahos and Mike Nulty Through the HABS/HAER/HALS programs the Secretary of the Interior has established Standards and Guidelines for Documentation and acceptability for inclusion in the Heritage Documentation Programs collections ...

    01/07/2013
    Cultural Resources in the Wilderness (Podcast 39)
    Historic preservation crew completes work on the Agnes Vaille Shelter historic structure at the Keyhole on Longs Peak, Rocky Mountain National Park Wilderness. Photographer: Sterling Holdorf, National Park Service.
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Kevin: Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s jenny hay as ...

    12/17/2012
    Designing the Lidar Mission for Industrial Heritage: Cooperation Across the Fields
    Dice
     

    This lecture was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA   Designing the LiDAR Mission for Industrial Heritage: Cooperation Across the Fields Heritage managers and digital documentarians may observe the same subject, but observe it through a contrasting set of filters. The focus of this paper is to ...

    12/11/2012
    Historic Landscape of the Civilian Conservation Corps, Part 2 (Podcast 38)
    Cabin built by CCC in burned woods
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes NOTE: The originally published post had an incorrect URL to the podcast file which has since been corrected. Today, NCPTT’s Jenny Hay continues her discussion with Cindy Brandimarte, Director of the Historic Sites & Structures Program in the State Parks Division of the Texas Parks & Wildlife ...

    11/28/2012
    Protecting Gullah Land and Community: A Locative Media Website for Tourism, Community Planning and Education (2012-09)
    2012-09
     

    In its simplest form, locative media is a portal through which location can be connected to content. By delivering content directly to a hand-held GPS-enabled device, the interpretive material has the potential to create a visitor experience that is simultaneously self-directed, has low infrastructure costs, and has minimal negative impact to the local community and their cultural landscapes. However, ...

    11/16/2012
    Geophysical and Laser Scan Surveys at the Longfellow House – Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site (2012-06)
    2012-06
     

    Geophysical and laser scan surveys were conducted at the Longfellow House – Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site (NHS), Cambridge, Massachusetts in August, 2011. This work was undertaken as part of the Archaeological Survey Technology, Data Integration, and Applications (ASTDA) Workshop. This workshop was funded by the National Center for Preservation Technology Training and supported by the Joukowsky ...

    11/16/2012
    Archaeological Survey Technologies, Data, Integration, and Applications Workshop and Seminar, Longfellow House – Washington’s National Headquarters, National Historic Site, Cambridge, MA (2012-05)
    2012-05
     

    The Archaeological Survey Technologies, Data Integration, and Applications (ASTDA) Workshop and Seminar introduced new methods for the integration and visualization of noninvasive geophysical and 3D laser scanning survey methods as a tool for historic site preservation and management. The Workshop and Seminar were hosted at the Longfellow House – Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site in Cambridge, MA. The ...

    11/16/2012
    Historic Landscape of the Civilian Conservation Corps, Part 1 (Podcast 37)
    Screenshot of the texascccparks.org website
     

    Today we join NCPTT’s Jenny Hay as she speaks with Cindy Brandimarte, Director of the Historic Sites & Structures Program in the State Parks Division of the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. In the first installment of this two-part series, they’ll talk about the iconic landscape of the Civilian Conservation Corps and their role in ...

    10/17/2012
    El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail (Podcast 35)
    Map of El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s Jenny Hay as she ...

    07/12/2012
    Mourning Glory: Preserving Historic Cemeteries (2011-11)
    caption
     

    The first impulse in cemetery preservation efforts is usually to protect or treat the grave markers. After all, they are the obvious historic resource. But the condition of the stones is often indicative of a neglected landscape that is contributing to the deterioration of those historic resources.

    12/13/2011
    Earthwork Stability Research at Poverty Point (Podcast 34)
    Ascent up Mound A, Poverty Point State Historic Site (August 2011).
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast, the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage.  I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology and Training.  Today we join NCPTT’s Derek Linn as he ...

    10/03/2011
    Claire Turcotte on Campus Heritage Landscapes (Podcast 32)
    Claire 4-11 IMG-20110401-00021-2
     

    In this episode of the Preservation Technology Podcast, we join Addy Smith-Reiman as she speaks with Dr. Claire L. Turcotte, Managing Editor for Planning for Higher Education, The Journal of the Society of College and University Planning, and Project Administrator and Researcher, Getty Foundation, Campus Heritage Initiative.

    08/01/2011
    Preservation Maintenance of Turf Using Resource Sensitive Techniques in Historic Landscapes (2011-03)
    MOWING
     

    Historic sites reflect a particular time period and cultural use. These landscapes are composed of historic features such as buildings, trees, fencing, and walkways that date to an historic period. Understanding and implementing appropriate maintenance practices to preserve a site’s historic character and its individual features are essential components of a maintenance worker’s job. This ...

    04/14/2011
    What’s Out There: An Interactive Catalog of Designed American Cultural Landscapes (2010-01)
    2010-01
     

    Spanning more than two centuries of American landscape design, What’s Out There is the only free, Wiki‐style database focused on the nation’s landscapes and landscape features, and is searchable by landscape name, type, and/or style, landscape architect and/or designer, and/or location. It is designed for use by tourists and heritage travelers; local residents; park, garden ...

    12/31/2010
    The Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Landscapes (Podcast 21)
    Significant rural landscapes, such as Hanalei, Hawaii, may be seriously threatened by climate change.
     

    NCPTT’s Debbie Smith speaks with Robert Melnick, professor of landscape architecture at the University of Oregon and author of “Climate Change and Landscape Preservation: A Twenty-first-century Conundrum,” which appeared in a 2010 volume of the APT Bulletin. Today they will discuss topics addressed in the article.

    06/21/2010
    How the Internet Saved an Historic Tree (Podcast 15)
    tree & church
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or subscribe via iTunes. Ammons: Welcome to the Preservation Technology podcast, the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons, and today we join NCPTT’s Jeff Guin as he speaks with Guy Sternberg, a certified arborist and retired landscape ...

    03/18/2010
    Curriculum Development for Preservation Landscape Maintenance (Podcast 11)
    Charlie Pepper and Bob Mackenzie
     

    Today we join the historic landscape preservation maintenance curriculum roundtable discussion hosted by NCPTT and the Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation. Attendees gathered to discuss and identify common needs and interests around historic landscape maintenance and to provide recommendations for creating a training curriculum. Download Episode 11 as an mp3 or subscribe via iTunes.

    10/13/2009
    Replacing Trees in Historic Landscapes (2009-06)
    Replacing Trees in Historic Landscapes
     

    Trees in historic landscapes are often important cultural resources that contribute to the significance and integrity of a property. This video provides guidance on the concepts and techniques of replacing individual trees at historic properties.

    04/06/2009
    Building Dry Stone Retaining Walls (2002-06)
    Building Dry Stone Retaining Walls (2002-06)
     

    This video shows how to build small drystone retaining walls from beginning to end; laying out the shape, digging the foundation, determining the wall angle, building the face, packing the back, and leveling the top.

    03/02/2009
    The Preservation Technology Podcast: Episode 2 – Entry Level Landscape Management and Preservation Training
    The Preservation Technology Podcast
     

    In the second episode of The Preservation Technology Podcast, Kevin Ammons interviews Charlie Pepper who directs the Historic Landscape Preservation and Maintenance program at the Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation.

    02/06/2009
    Connections: Preserving America’s Landscape Legacy (1996-02)
    Preserving America’s Landscape Legacy (1996-02)
     

    This video examines the importance of preserving the integrity of America’s historic landscapes.

    09/22/2008
    Retaining America’s Dry Stone Heritage (2002-05)
    2002-05
     

    This video documents the repair of damaged drystone walls in the popular Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park.

    09/22/2008
    Preservation Resource Guide for Public Works Managers (1998-01)
    1998-01
     

    This guide is intended for use by public works managers who find themselves encountering the world of historic preservation.

    09/22/2008
    Landscapes and Lives (1997-27)
    1997-27
     

    Susan Turner talks about how and why landscapes are and should be preserved.

    09/22/2008
    Walls of Stone: How to Build Drystone Walls and Rock Fences (1996-01)
    1996-01
     

    The video is a primary training resource, providing graphic instruction on how to repair, rebuild and relocate stone walls and rock fences.

    09/22/2008
    Historic Landscape Resource Manual (2000-18)
    2000-18
     

    This report documents a historic landscape workshop developed to introduce preservation professionals to the identification, documentation, evaluation and treatment of designed, vernacular and rural historic landscapes.

    09/22/2008
    Stone Wall Repair Workshop: Ellsworth Rock Gardens (2007-08)
    2007-08
     

    The Ellsworth Rock Gardens were determined eligible for the National Register in 1998, as an extraordinary and unique American art environment and outstanding example of mid-twentieth century vernacular landscape architecture.

    12/31/2007
    Cultural Landscape of the Upper Tongue River Valley in Rosebud County, Montana (2007-12)
    2007-12
     

    This report is an overview and assessment of the cultural landscape of the Tongue River Valley, its historic themes and cultural resource site types. Designed to accompany other project deliverables (the video documentary and map-based digital archive), the goal of the project is to demonstrate the national, state and local significance of the layers ...

    12/31/2007
    Iron Fence Repair (2007-03)
    Iron Fence Repair (2007-03)
     

    Materials Conservator Jason Church demonstrates how to properly repair an iron fence.

    12/31/2007
    Keeping the Boys Busy: The Revival of Incremental, On-Site Design by National Parks (2002-10)
    2002-10
     

    NPS designers produced significant works of Landscape Architecture that were simultaneously influenced by the scheme’s evolving form and the emerging native features of the landscape.

    12/31/2002
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) Phase 2 (2001-07)
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) - Document Cover
     

    The purpose of this project was to develop a new Internet-accessible database of information about the landscape design records for projects undertaken by Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. and the Olmsted firm.

    12/31/2001
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) Phase 1 (2000-15)
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) Phase 1 - Document Cover
     

    The project team developed a prioritized list of collections to be included in the database and a three-year schedule for data collection and data entry.

    12/31/2000
    Teacher’s Heritage Resource Guide – Morgan County Volume 2 (1999-20)
    Teacher's Heritage Resource Guide Morgan County Volume 2 - Document Cover
     

    In 1996, the Morgan County Landmarks Society sponsored a graduate intern from the University of Georgia to research historic landscapes. Many resources were utilized to collect as much information as possible about heritage plants, garden sculpture, structures, and garden club activities.

    12/31/1999

    NameDate
    What’s Out There: An Interactive Catalog of Designed American Cultural Landscapes (2010-01)
    2010-01
     

    Spanning more than two centuries of American landscape design, What’s Out There is the only free, Wiki‐style database focused on the nation’s landscapes and landscape features, and is searchable by landscape name, type, and/or style, landscape architect and/or designer, and/or location. It is designed for use by tourists and heritage travelers; local residents; park, garden ...

    12/31/2010
    What’s Out There: Optimized for hand held devices
    Handheld-PreLaunch-sig
     

    With funding from NCPTT’s 2012 grants program and the Richard H. Driehaus Foundation, the Cultural Landscape Foundation has optimized the Web-based What’s Out There for smart phones and similar hand held devices.  What’s Out There, also funded though the NCPTT’s grants program and the Driehaus Foundation (2009), is the most comprehensive searchable database of the ...

    05/14/2013
    Webinar: Preparing for the Next Disaster
    9th Ward Damage after Hurricane Katrina
     

    The broadcast for Preparing for the Next Disaster has concluded. Once transcripts and closed captioning have been completed, we will place the videos online. Thank you for your participation. Should you have any questions, please comment on this post or email Sarah M. Jackson. NCPTT offered a free webinar “Disaster Preparedness for Cultural Resources: Preparing You ...

    05/03/2013
    Walls of Stone: How to Build Drystone Walls and Rock Fences (1996-01)
    1996-01
     

    The video is a primary training resource, providing graphic instruction on how to repair, rebuild and relocate stone walls and rock fences.

    09/22/2008
    TTU Field and Computer Lab Work Procedure for High Definition Documentation of the Arneson Theater, San Antonio Riverwalk, Texas (2007-17)
    2007-17
     

    In 2007, with funding provided by the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, a preservation team of architectural students from the Texas Tech University College of Architecture led by Professors John P. White and Gary W. Smith completed HALS documentation of the theatre and its surroundings using a 3D laser scanner and AutoCad.  Not ...

    03/27/2013
    Trees: Storm Preparation and Recovery
    trees_featured
     

    Transcript Hi, I’m Debbie Smith, Chief of Historic Landscapes Program at NCPTT. Today I’m going to discuss ways to protect your trees before a storm and how to recover after a disaster.  Storm effects that I’ll be covering include:  Flooding, lightning strikes, and primarily wind damage. To prepare for a disaster, you need to know your trees and ...

    09/09/2013
    The Preservation Technology Podcast: Episode 2 – Entry Level Landscape Management and Preservation Training
    The Preservation Technology Podcast
     

    In the second episode of The Preservation Technology Podcast, Kevin Ammons interviews Charlie Pepper who directs the Historic Landscape Preservation and Maintenance program at the Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation.

    02/06/2009
    The Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Landscapes (Podcast 21)
    Significant rural landscapes, such as Hanalei, Hawaii, may be seriously threatened by climate change.
     

    NCPTT’s Debbie Smith speaks with Robert Melnick, professor of landscape architecture at the University of Oregon and author of “Climate Change and Landscape Preservation: A Twenty-first-century Conundrum,” which appeared in a 2010 volume of the APT Bulletin. Today they will discuss topics addressed in the article.

    06/21/2010
    Teacher’s Heritage Resource Guide – Morgan County Volume 2 (1999-20)
    Teacher's Heritage Resource Guide Morgan County Volume 2 - Document Cover
     

    In 1996, the Morgan County Landmarks Society sponsored a graduate intern from the University of Georgia to research historic landscapes. Many resources were utilized to collect as much information as possible about heritage plants, garden sculpture, structures, and garden club activities.

    12/31/1999
    Stone Wall Repair Workshop: Ellsworth Rock Gardens (2007-08)
    2007-08
     

    The Ellsworth Rock Gardens were determined eligible for the National Register in 1998, as an extraordinary and unique American art environment and outstanding example of mid-twentieth century vernacular landscape architecture.

    12/31/2007
    Speedy E-mails Save a Historic Tree in Illinois
    Historic osage-orange tree
     

      “I have some bad news. The city of Kewanee will take down the big hedge tree on Tuesday. Safety hazard they say.” Even though the tree is not a beauty, and its location is not scenic, this story has a happy ending due to the diligence of a dedicated arborist and the speed of email ...

    01/06/2010
    Spatial Models for Parking and Pedestrian Access in Historic Downtowns: A Preservation and Design Perspective (1997-31)
    1997-31
     

    The University of Kentucky undertook a study funded in part by grant MT-2255-6-NC-16 from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training to establish models for the design and placement of parking and pedestrian corridors in historic small towns.  The project began with the assumption that organizational models could be developed to provide physical access ...

    03/27/2013
    Returning the Forest to Forest Lawn: Tree Planting Strategies for Historic Landscapes
     

    This presentation is part of the International Cemetery Preservation Summit, October 8-10, 2014 Niagara Falls, NY. Returning the Forest to Forest Lawn: Tree Planting Strategies for Historic Landscapes by Matthew Quirek This oral presentation will use the framework outlined in the Forest Lawn Landscape Renewal Plan (completed in 2012 by Heritage Landscapes LLC and Forest Lawn) to ...

    08/12/2011
    Retaining America’s Dry Stone Heritage (2002-05)
    2002-05
     

    This video documents the repair of damaged drystone walls in the popular Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park.

    09/22/2008
    Restoration of the Camden House Orchard
    photo1
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes   Kevin: Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s Paul Cady ...

    09/17/2013
    Replacing Trees in Historic Landscapes (2009-06)
    Replacing Trees in Historic Landscapes
     

    Trees in historic landscapes are often important cultural resources that contribute to the significance and integrity of a property. This video provides guidance on the concepts and techniques of replacing individual trees at historic properties.

    04/06/2009
    Replacing Trees in Historic Landscapes
    Filming at Magnolia Plantation
     

    NCPTT, in cooperation with the Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation and the Cane River Creole National Historical Park has finished production of the instructional video “Replacing Trees in Historic Landscapes.”

    04/17/2009
    Reestablishing Vines on Historic Buildings
    Vines reestablished on Fairsted, home of Frederick Law Olmsted
     

    Is it ever appropriate to allow vines to grow on an historic building?  Most preservationists would say no.   Historic building preservation guidelines, such as National Park Service (NPS) Preservation Brief 39, identify a number of problems.  Vine growth can dislodge exterior features.  And heavy vine cover traps moisture against the building, accelerating decay of wood ...

    09/27/2010
    Protecting Gullah Land and Community: A Locative Media Website for Tourism, Community Planning and Education (2012-09)
    2012-09
     

    In its simplest form, locative media is a portal through which location can be connected to content. By delivering content directly to a hand-held GPS-enabled device, the interpretive material has the potential to create a visitor experience that is simultaneously self-directed, has low infrastructure costs, and has minimal negative impact to the local community and their cultural landscapes. However, ...

    11/16/2012
    Preservation South: A student conference at the University of Georgia
    SKMBT_C45012011215090
     

    The conference includes a meet and greet Friday night, presentations on Saturday, and Sunday morning tours.  Among the speakers are Stephen T. Ayers, 11th Architect of the U.S. Capitol (keynote); Richard Cloues, Deputy SHPO, State of Georgia; Dale Jaeger, Principal, The Jaeger Company; Mark McDonald, President and CEO, Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation; Tad Brown, President, Watson-Brown ...

    01/12/2012
    Preservation Resource Guide for Public Works Managers (1998-01)
    1998-01
     

    This guide is intended for use by public works managers who find themselves encountering the world of historic preservation.

    09/22/2008
    Preservation Maintenance of Turf Using Resource Sensitive Techniques in Historic Landscapes (2011-03)
    MOWING
     

    Historic sites reflect a particular time period and cultural use. These landscapes are composed of historic features such as buildings, trees, fencing, and walkways that date to an historic period. Understanding and implementing appropriate maintenance practices to preserve a site’s historic character and its individual features are essential components of a maintenance worker’s job. This ...

    04/14/2011
    Preparing Your Historic Landscape for Storms
    Hurricane Ike damage at Bayou Bend Gardens, 2008.
     

    Days before touch down, managers and stewards of historic landscapes should be well prepared for the aftermath of a major catastrophe. Preparedness at Bayou Bend Collections and Gardens begins at the start of Hurricane Season, not days before a storm.  Major efforts include the thinning of historically significant trees, as well as trees close to important ...

    08/26/2011
    Online Exhibit: Every Tree Tells a Story
    Olmsted Parks and Parkways, Louisville, KY. Photo © Bob Hower, courtesy the Cultural Landscape Foundation.
     

    The Cultural Landscape Foundation recently launched an online exhibit based on their 2010 Landslide: Every Tree Tells a Story traveling photography exhibition. The exhibit features 25 images of 12 different locations in the US and Puerto Rico. Landslide, first issued in 2003, is the Foundation’s annual compendium of significant at-risk parks, gardens, horticultural features, and ...

    12/20/2010
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) Phase 2 (2001-07)
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) - Document Cover
     

    The purpose of this project was to develop a new Internet-accessible database of information about the landscape design records for projects undertaken by Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. and the Olmsted firm.

    12/31/2001
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) Phase 1 (2000-15)
    Olmsted Research Guide Online (ORGO) Phase 1 - Document Cover
     

    The project team developed a prioritized list of collections to be included in the database and a three-year schedule for data collection and data entry.

    12/31/2000
    O’Keeffe Imaging Project
    Setting up for RTI image capture of Abiquiu main entrance
     

    With support from a NCPTT grant, the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum is evaluating practical applications of digital photogrammetric methods for 3D documentation of historic objects, structures, and landscapes. In contrast to laser scanning, this method may allow anyone with a digital camera with a manual mode, raw capture, and a laptop computer to be able to gather ...

    07/19/2012
    NPS Park Cultural Landscapes Program
    nps-cultural-landscapes
     

    On October 2012, the National Park Service Park Cultural Landscapes Program launched its program website (http://www.nps.gov/cultural_landscapes/). This site is designed for broad audiences as well as preservation community members, to answer basic questions about cultural landscapes but also to serve as a gateway for more in-depth discoveries.

    05/02/2013
    New NPS Cultural Landscapes Program Website
    NPS Cultural Landscape Program website
     

    NPS has just launched the Park Cultural Landscapes Program website.  The site is designed for broad audiences as well as preservation community members, to answer basic questions about cultural landscapes and to serve as a gateway for more in-depth discoveries. The website includes a list of NPS cultural landscapes and  feature articles on individual landscapes and ...

    10/04/2012
    NCPTT holds its first Cemetery Landscape Preservation Workshop
    Cemetery Landscape Preservation Workshop
     

    NCPTT hosted a two-day Cemetery Landscape Preservation Workshop in Natchitoches, Louisiana, September 16-17, attended by both NPS and non-NPS cemetery managers, maintenance personnel and volunteers.

    11/13/2008
    NCPTT Grant Recipient to Present the Massachusetts Heritage Landscape Atlas at the 2011 APA Conference
    NCPTT
     

    NCPTT 2010 grant recipient, The Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), will present A New View of Cultural Landscapes – The Massachusetts Heritage Landscape Atlas as part of the technology showcase at the 2011 American Planning Association conference in Boston, April 9-12, 2011.  Wendy Pearl, DCR Historic Landscape Preservation Initiative Director, Jessica Rowcroft, DCR ...

    01/19/2011
    NCPTT aids FEMA in Hurricane Sandy Recovery
     

    Executive Director Kirk Cordell deployed for three weeks in March 2013 as a “Cultural Recovery Specialist” to the FEMA Hurricane Sandy Joint Field Office in New York City under a national agreement that supplies National Park Service technical experts to FEMA during declared disasters. Specialists are responsible for helping FEMA identify cultural resource needs, synthesize impact ...

    03/27/2013
    National Mall Plan Project Part 1 (Podcast Episode 52)
    National Mall Plan
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Kevin: Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s Paul Cady ...

    06/06/2014
    Mourning Glory: Preserving Historic Cemeteries (2011-11)
    caption
     

    The first impulse in cemetery preservation efforts is usually to protect or treat the grave markers. After all, they are the obvious historic resource. But the condition of the stones is often indicative of a neglected landscape that is contributing to the deterioration of those historic resources.

    12/13/2011
    Modernizing Living Collections Management in an Historic Landscape (2013-04)
    2013-04
     

    With funding from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, the Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG) successfully developed, tested, and disseminated a modern data collection system to help manage living collections.  Utilizing mobile tablet computers, individuals can use the system while in the garden or greenhouse to accurately and efficiently map new plants, inventory plant ...

    09/19/2013
    Louisiana’s Poverty Point State Historic Site to be Nominated as a World Heritage Site
    poverty-point-map1.jpg
     

    WASHINGTON, DC — Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced that the United States is nominating Poverty Point State Historic Site and National Monument in West Carroll Parish, Louisiana, for inclusion on the World Heritage List. The nomination document was prepared by the State of Louisiana in consultation with the National Park Service’s Office ...

    01/22/2013
    Laser Scanning America’s Cultural Landscapes
    Laser Scanning America's Cultural Landscapes
     

    This poster was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA. Poster full size and detail Laser Scanning America’s Cultural Landscapes The Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) Documentation to the Secretary of the Interior Standards, Assessing the Value of Laser Scan Data The Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) mission is ...

    01/23/2013
    Landscapes and Lives (1997-27)
    1997-27
     

    Susan Turner talks about how and why landscapes are and should be preserved.

    09/22/2008
    Keeping the Boys Busy: The Revival of Incremental, On-Site Design by National Parks (2002-10)
    2002-10
     

    NPS designers produced significant works of Landscape Architecture that were simultaneously influenced by the scheme’s evolving form and the emerging native features of the landscape.

    12/31/2002
    Iron Fence Repair (2007-03)
    Iron Fence Repair (2007-03)
     

    Materials Conservator Jason Church demonstrates how to properly repair an iron fence.

    12/31/2007
    Integrating Aerial and Ground-based LiDAR in Appalachian Heritage Planning and Visualization
    Integrating Aerial and Ground-based LiDAR in Appalachian Heritage Planning and Visualization
     

    This poster was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Fransisco, CA. See Poster full detail and size Integrating Aerial and Ground-based LiDAR in Appalachian Heritage Planning and Visualization The Natural Resource Analysis Center (NRAC) at West Virginia University is building a portfolio of integrated LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) ...

    01/22/2013
    How the Internet Saved an Historic Tree (Podcast 15)
    tree & church
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or subscribe via iTunes. Ammons: Welcome to the Preservation Technology podcast, the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons, and today we join NCPTT’s Jeff Guin as he speaks with Guy Sternberg, a certified arborist and retired landscape ...

    03/18/2010
    History Detectives Camp 2013
    Anonymous_Magnifying_glass
     

    Come join us to help solve these mysteries … Camp will include both inside and outside activities. Snacks and water will be provided.

    05/03/2013
    Historic Landscape Resource Manual (2000-18)
    2000-18
     

    This report documents a historic landscape workshop developed to introduce preservation professionals to the identification, documentation, evaluation and treatment of designed, vernacular and rural historic landscapes.

    09/22/2008
    Historic Landscape Preservation Maintenance
    Round table participants (left to right): Charlie Pepper, Bob Mackenzie, Matt Quirey, Paul Bitzel, Gail Griffin, Beate Jensen, Lucy Lawliss, Peggy Cornett, Dorothy Printup, Christian Zimmerman, Kirk Cordell, Iris Gestrum, and Susan Dolan.  Not depicted: Tom McGrath and Debbie Smith
     

    NCPTT recently partnered with the Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation to host a roundtable to discuss creation of a historic landscape preservation maintenance curriculum. Held at the Hampton National Historic Site in Towson, Md., the meeting focused on identifying unmet training needs in the field of historic landscape preservation maintenance. Lively discussion among the 15 invited ...

    09/28/2009
    Historic Landscape of the Civilian Conservation Corps, Part 2 (Podcast 38)
    Cabin built by CCC in burned woods
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes NOTE: The originally published post had an incorrect URL to the podcast file which has since been corrected. Today, NCPTT’s Jenny Hay continues her discussion with Cindy Brandimarte, Director of the Historic Sites & Structures Program in the State Parks Division of the Texas Parks & Wildlife ...

    11/28/2012
    Historic Landscape of the Civilian Conservation Corps, Part 1 (Podcast 37)
    Screenshot of the texascccparks.org website
     

    Today we join NCPTT’s Jenny Hay as she speaks with Cindy Brandimarte, Director of the Historic Sites & Structures Program in the State Parks Division of the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. In the first installment of this two-part series, they’ll talk about the iconic landscape of the Civilian Conservation Corps and their role in ...

    10/17/2012
    Historic Landscape Internship
    American Cemetery
     

    The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training (NCPTT) and the Cane River National Heritage Area are pleased to announce an internship opportunity with the National Park Service in Natchitoches, Louisiana. Job Description:  Inventory and map vegetation in historic American Cemetery, established around 1737.  Using an existing base map with some vegetation documented, the intern will ...

    04/10/2014
    Historic Cemetery Preservation Workshop, Lowell MA
    Grave marker in American Cemetery.
     

      With support from NCPTT and the Lowell Parks and Conservation Trust, Inc., the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) will be presenting a Historic Cemetery Preservation Workshop on November 18, 2011 in Lowell, Massachusetts. Technical sessions and outdoor cemetery labs will provide attendees with a foundation of knowledge for protecting the historic character of these ...

    09/29/2011
    GIS Interns
    NPS Arrowhead Logo
     

    The National Park Service is interested in hiring two interns to perform data input into a Geographic Information System (GIS).

    07/18/2012
    Geophysical and Laser Scan Surveys at the Longfellow House – Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site (2012-06)
    2012-06
     

    Geophysical and laser scan surveys were conducted at the Longfellow House – Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site (NHS), Cambridge, Massachusetts in August, 2011. This work was undertaken as part of the Archaeological Survey Technology, Data Integration, and Applications (ASTDA) Workshop. This workshop was funded by the National Center for Preservation Technology Training and supported by the Joukowsky ...

    11/16/2012
    Fountain Fundamentals, an Ever Evolving Conservation Collaboration
    Bloch Building
     

    The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training in partnership with The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art and conservator Martin Burke announces a two day conference on the conservation of fountains. The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri will host the conference which includes presented papers, poster presentations, and discussion sessions on July 10-11, ...

    11/27/2012
    Exploring Hodges Gardens: an historic landscape blogging project
    Double Staircase, Hodges Gardens State Park
     

    The National Center for Preservation Technology & Training partnered with Hodges Gardens State Park this summer on an historic landscape documentation blogging project.  NCPTT intern Derek Linn is working with Debbie Smith, chief of NCPTT’s Historic Landscapes program, on the project. This multimedia documentation project uses a blog that incorporates photographs and video. NCPTT has collaborated with ...

    07/27/2011
    Explore America’s National Heritage Areas
    A Motor Cities CCS student sculpts
     

    From “History Lesson” to “Crystal Clear” Call to Action activities are underway in our National Heritage Areas.  Enjoy this sampling of current activities and visit a heritage area near you. Motor Cities NHA launched the “Making Tracks”, a web site featuring the accomplishments of African-Americans in the automotive Industry. Through this website visitors and members of ...

    09/21/2012
    El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail (Podcast 35)
    Map of El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s Jenny Hay as she ...

    07/12/2012
    Earthwork Stability Research at Poverty Point (Podcast 34)
    Ascent up Mound A, Poverty Point State Historic Site (August 2011).
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast, the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage.  I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology and Training.  Today we join NCPTT’s Derek Linn as he ...

    10/03/2011
    Disaster Recovery Resources
    Residential neighborhood in New Orleans one year after Hurricane Katrina made landfall. (photo NCPTT)
     

    Disasters can strike at anytime, sometimes with little or no warning. Experience has shown us that while natural disasters can leave a path of destruction there are also man-made disasters that can bring an area to its knees. Being informed and preparing for those that could affect you are key to saving your site, building ...

    06/05/2013
    Development of Online Training
    Capturing a tree inspection on video at Oakland Plantation, Cane River Creole National Historical Park
     

    In June 2012, NCPTT’s Historic Landscape Program hosted landscape professionals engaged in the development of online training resources.  Through a cooperative agreement with Northwestern State University of Louisiana (NSU), nine National Park Service historical landscape architects and horticulturalists worked with NSU education and media specialists to outline, script, and record video segments for two multi-media ...

    07/18/2012
    Designing the Lidar Mission for Industrial Heritage: Cooperation Across the Fields
    Dice
     

    This lecture was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA   Designing the LiDAR Mission for Industrial Heritage: Cooperation Across the Fields Heritage managers and digital documentarians may observe the same subject, but observe it through a contrasting set of filters. The focus of this paper is to ...

    12/11/2012
    Dendrogeomorphological Investigation of Earthwork Stability at Poverty Point SHS, Louisiana (2013-08)
    2013-08
     

    The Louisiana Office of State Parks recently undertook a project to remove all of the trees from the earthen mounds at Poverty Point State Historic Site in northeast Louisiana and replace them with grass. This was done in order to help preserve the mounds from the threat of uprooting trees and to make the site ...

    01/03/2014
    Curriculum Development for Preservation Landscape Maintenance (Podcast 11)
    Charlie Pepper and Bob Mackenzie
     

    Today we join the historic landscape preservation maintenance curriculum roundtable discussion hosted by NCPTT and the Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation. Attendees gathered to discuss and identify common needs and interests around historic landscape maintenance and to provide recommendations for creating a training curriculum. Download Episode 11 as an mp3 or subscribe via iTunes.

    10/13/2009
    Cultural Resources in the Wilderness (Podcast 39)
    Historic preservation crew completes work on the Agnes Vaille Shelter historic structure at the Keyhole on Longs Peak, Rocky Mountain National Park Wilderness. Photographer: Sterling Holdorf, National Park Service.
     

    Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes Kevin: Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast – the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. I’m Kevin Ammons with the National Park Service’s National Center for Preservation Technology & Training. Today we join NCPTT’s jenny hay as ...

    12/17/2012
    Cultural Landscapes: Preservation Challenges in the 21st Century
    cultural_savethedate
     

    Marking the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention and the 20thanniversary of its Declaration on Cultural Landscapes, Rutgers University will convene an international conference—Cultural Landscapes: Preservation Challenges in the 21st Century, October 12-14, 2012. The conference will bring together leading scholars and practitioners form around the world to examine five core themes around the concept, ...

    08/31/2012
    Cultural Landscape of the Upper Tongue River Valley in Rosebud County, Montana (2007-12)
    2007-12
     

    This report is an overview and assessment of the cultural landscape of the Tongue River Valley, its historic themes and cultural resource site types. Designed to accompany other project deliverables (the video documentary and map-based digital archive), the goal of the project is to demonstrate the national, state and local significance of the layers ...

    12/31/2007
    Connections: Preserving America’s Landscape Legacy (1996-02)
    Preserving America’s Landscape Legacy (1996-02)
     

    This video examines the importance of preserving the integrity of America’s historic landscapes.

    09/22/2008
    Claire Turcotte on Campus Heritage Landscapes (Podcast 32)
    Claire 4-11 IMG-20110401-00021-2
     

    In this episode of the Preservation Technology Podcast, we join Addy Smith-Reiman as she speaks with Dr. Claire L. Turcotte, Managing Editor for Planning for Higher Education, The Journal of the Society of College and University Planning, and Project Administrator and Researcher, Getty Foundation, Campus Heritage Initiative.

    08/01/2011
    Building Dry Stone Retaining Walls (2002-06)
    Building Dry Stone Retaining Walls (2002-06)
     

    This video shows how to build small drystone retaining walls from beginning to end; laying out the shape, digging the foundation, determining the wall angle, building the face, packing the back, and leveling the top.

    03/02/2009
    Breaking Ground: Examining the Vision and Practice of Historic Landscape Restoration (1999-28)
    1999-28
     

    Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Restoring Southern Landscapes, October 2-4, 1997, Old Salem, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This publication was made possible through grant MT-2210-8-NC-31 from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training (NCPTT).

    04/08/2013
    Best Practices for Digital Documentation
     

    This lecture was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA Best Practices for Digital Documentation by Ekaterini Vlahos and Mike Nulty Through the HABS/HAER/HALS programs the Secretary of the Interior has established Standards and Guidelines for Documentation and acceptability for inclusion in the Heritage Documentation Programs collections ...

    01/07/2013
    Archive of Digital Data for HABS, HAER, and HALS
    Jones Barn, Library of Congress Collection.
     

    This lecture was presented at the 3D Digital Documentation Summit held July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA Archive of Digital Data for HABS, HAER, and HALS The NPS creates a variety of documents and records, such as inventory and monitoring plans, drawings, photographs, and conservation treatment records, to assist in the planning, management and ...

    06/11/2013
    Archaeological Survey Technologies, Data, Integration, and Applications Workshop and Seminar, Longfellow House – Washington’s National Headquarters, National Historic Site, Cambridge, MA (2012-05)
    2012-05
     

    The Archaeological Survey Technologies, Data Integration, and Applications (ASTDA) Workshop and Seminar introduced new methods for the integration and visualization of noninvasive geophysical and 3D laser scanning survey methods as a tool for historic site preservation and management. The Workshop and Seminar were hosted at the Longfellow House – Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site in Cambridge, MA. The ...

    11/16/2012
    3D Digital Documentation Summit
    3D Digital Documentation of Mesa Verde by CyArk.
     

    July 10-12, 2012 at the Presidio of San Francisco, California NCPTT in conjunction with the Presidio Trust and the Friends of NCPTT will host a three day summit on digital documentation for the preservation of cultural heritage. The program features two days of contributed papers and a poster session, followed by a third day of field ...

    03/01/2012
    2013 Summer Internships
    Applications for the 2013 Summer Internship Program are due February 4.
     

    It’s more than just a job… it’s your future. Get hands-on experience and build your resume while preserving the history of our country. Summer internships at NCPTT provide students and recent graduates an opportunity to undertake laboratory or field research in archeology, architecture, engineering, collections management, historic landscapes, and materials science. What do interns do? Interns work in ...

    12/20/2012
    2013 Call for Proposals Released – NCPTT Grants Program
    NCPTT Logo
     

    NCPTT announces its call for proposals for the 2013 PTT Grants program. NCPTT seeks innovative projects that advance the application of science and technology to historic preservation. The PTT Grants program funds projects that develop new technologies or adapt existing technologies to preserve cultural resources. Grants are awarded competitively with a maximum award of $25,000 (including ...

    10/01/2012
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    4 Responses to Historic Landscapes

    1. E. Sidney says:

      Are there 2012-2013 Workshop’s scheduled? Thanks. E.

    2. Debbie Smith says:

      Not yet. Please keep checking the website.

    3. David cohen says:

      I have experience in municipal park landscaping and maintenance and academic training in g.i.s.

    4. Mary Lee Johns says:

      Sir,
      Fifty five years ago the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribal Headquarters was forced to move to a new site because of the building of the Oahe Dam. The Dam was part of the larger Missouri River flood control management plan. As a result a well loved and cared for community was lost to the world once the reservoir was filled. There is a small group of tribal members who still remember their childhood home and have been trying to save photos, historical memorabilia, stories, and other artifacts for those who never had the opportunity to live in this small little town that meant so much to so many. The individuals who are working on this are reaching an age where they will be gone soon and then there will be no one who lived there to tell this story. Already many of the adults who lived and worked there have already passed. My question is this – would this grant be available to a group such as this if the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe submitted a grant application. The town was Cheyenne Agency, South Dakota. It was the tribal headquarters for the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe which is composed of four of the Lakota bands of the Great Sioux Nation. There is a rich history that needs to be captured before it is gone forever. Thank you for your consideration of this request. Mary Lee Johns Tribal Planner for the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribal Planning Office.