There are three types of supervisors:

 Those who fully meet the definitions stated in the General Schedule Supervisory Guide (GSSG),
 Those meeting the Federal Wage System Job Grading Standard for Supervisors, and
 Those who meet the definition of supervisor under 5 USC 7103(a)(10).

In each of these cases, “supervisor” means an individual employed by an agency having authority in the interest of the agency to hire, direct, assign, promote, reward, transfer, furlough, layoff, recall, suspend, discipline, or remove employees, to adjust their grievances, or to effectively recommend such action, if the exercise of the authority is not merely routine or clerical in nature but requires the consistent exercise of independent judgment.

Supervisors, as defined in the General Schedule Supervisory Guide, must spend 25% or more of their time supervising others and their titles include designations such as “Supervisor,” “Officer,” or “Manager.” When first appointed to the supervisory position, they are required to complete a one-year probationary period.

Supervisors, as defined in the Federal Wage System Job Grading Standard for Supervisors, have supervision as a regular and recurring part of their jobs on a substantially full-time basis, and their title is designated as “Supervisor.” When first appointed to the supervisory position, they are required to complete a one-year probationary period.

Supervisors who meet the definition of supervisor under 5USC 7103(a)(10) are not required to spend a minimum of 25% of their time in the supervisory duties. They do not have “Supervisory” in their title, and do not serve a probationary period.

Although everyone who supervises others benefits from training, and each situation is different, the following is the priority order for supervisory training:

  1. Supervisors as defined by the Supervisory Grade Evaluation Guide or the Wage Grade System Job Grading Standard for Supervisors who are serving a probationary period,
  2. Experienced supervisors as defined in #1 above,
  3.  Supervisors as defined under 5USC 7103(a)(10).

NPS’ Supervisory Development and Training Guidelines, October 2000

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