Preservation HorticulturistWithin the career field of cultural resource management, two occupational series have been identified as having the primary responsibility for guiding preservation and management of cultural landscapes: Historical Landscape Architect and Preservation Horticulturist [additional occupational series associated with cultural landscapes include Preservation Specialist (Cultural Landscapes), Preservation Gardener, Historical Craftsperson, and Historical Maintenance person, and are addressed within other career fields]

A preservation horticulturist in a specialist in the science of horticulture with advanced training in the principles, theories, concepts, methods, and techniques of preserving historic plant material and prescribing preservation maintenance practices. Cultural landscape preservation focuses on preserving a landscape’s physical attributes, biotic systems, and use when that use contributes to its historical significance.

Research, planning, and stewardship are the framework for the duties of a preservation horticulturist. Research defines the features, values, and associations that make plant material historically significant; planning identifies the issues and alternatives for long-term preservation; and stewardship involves activities such as condition assessment, maintenance, and training, and the preservation horticulturist is the lead professional for these activities.

Preservation Horticulturist (GS-0437)
Following is a list of the competencies and the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) needed to perform in this particular discipline at the Entry, Developmental, and Full Performance levels. The definitions are followed by a list of the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to be effective at each level. The competencies and KSAs of the previous level(s) are also required at the next higher level.

Preservation Law, Philosophy and Practice
Entry Level
    Assists in applying preservation practice as it applies to significant biotic resources.

    Familiarity with the concepts of origins, theories, principles, laws, practices, and techniques of historic preservation, particularly as they apply to the preservation of cultural landscapes.

    Familiarity with federal cultural resource preservation legislation, policies, guidelines, and standards, particularly the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation, and NPS Management Policies and guidelines.

    Familiarity with current laws, policies, guidelines, standards, and technical information necessary for assisting with project reviews and providing technical assistance and information regarding cultural landscape management.

    Familiarity with related resource management disciplines, such as history, landscape architecture, archeology, and the natural sciences.

    Familiarity with the principles related to Section 106 compliance as it applies to historic landscape preservation.


Developmental Level
    Participates in providing direction on historic preservation philosophy and practice as they apply to significant biotic resources.

    Knowledge of the origins, theories, principles, laws, practices, and techniques of historic preservation, particularly as they apply to the preservation of cultural landscapes.

    Knowledge of federal cultural resource preservation legislation, policies, guidelines, and standards, particularly the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation and NPS Management Policies and guidelines.

    Ability to apply current policies, guidelines, standards, and technical information necessary in to assist with project reviews and provide technical assistance and information regarding cultural landscape management.

    Ability to incorporate related resource management disciplines such as history, landscape architecture, archeology, and the natural sciences in project and program implementation.

    Understanding of the principles related to Section 106 compliance as it applies to historic landscape preservation.


Full Performance Level
    Provides professional direction on historic preservation law, philosophy, and practice as they apply to significant biotic resources.

    Thorough knowledge of the origins, theories, principles, laws, practices, and techniques of historic preservation, particularly as they apply to the preservation of cultural landscapes.

    Knowledge of federal cultural resource preservation legislation, policies, guidelines, and standards, particularly the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation and NPS Management Policies and guidelines.

    Understanding of current laws, policies, guidelines, standards, and technical information necessary to conduct project reviews and providing technical assistance and information regarding cultural landscape management.

    Skill in incorporating related resource management disciplines such as history, landscape architecture, archeology, and the natural sciences in project and program management to ensure their proper consideration in operational planning, treatment, and preservation maintenance.

    Expertise in the preparation and application of Section 106 compliance as it applies to historic landscape preservation.

Inventory and Research
Entry Level
    Conducts and coordinates inventory and condition assessments of biotic landscape characteristics and associated features.

    Familiarity with current inventory and condition assessment methodologies and techniques.

    Ability to participate in field research projects and assist with conducting plant inventories, data analysis, and the preparation of technical reports.

    Ability to assist with refining research procedures in order to develop innovative techniques and methods necessary to solve site-specific problems which support cultural landscape preservation maintenance.


Developmental Level
    Conducts and coordinates inventory and condition assessments of biotic landscape characteristics and associated features.

    Knowledge of current inventory and condition assessment methodologies and techniques.

    Ability to supervise and manage research and inventory, analyze data, and prepare reports.

    Skill in designing and conducting a variety of practical experiments, monitoring results, analyzing data, and defining procedures in order to develop innovative techniques and methods necessary to solve site-specific problems in support of cultural landscape preservation maintenance.

    Ability to prepare reports, plans, specifications, and cost estimates to support planning for cultural landscape preservation based on landscape assessments, cultural landscape reports, field investigations, and data analysis.

    Ability to conduct and supervise cultural landscape research, inventory, documentation, and analysis and evaluation based on accepted methodologies and techniques and developing unprecedented methodologies as appropriate.


Full Performance Level
    Conducts, coordinates, and supervises complex research projects related to the inventory and condition assessment of biotic landscape characteristics and associated features.

    Thorough knowledge of current inventory and condition assessment methodologies and techniques.

    Ability to initiate, supervise, and manage research; conduct plant inventories, analyze data, and prepare technical reports.

    Skill in designing, conducting, and supervising scientific and practical research, monitoring results, analyzing data, and refining procedures in order to develop innovative techniques and methods necessary to solve site-specific problems in support of cultural landscape preservation maintenance.

    Skill in preparing and supervising the preparation of reports, plans, specifications, and cost estimates to support planning for cultural landscape preservation based on landscape assessments, cultural landscape reports, field investigations, and data analysis.

    Skill in conducting and supervising cultural landscape research, inventory, documentation, analysis, and evaluation based on accepted methodologies and techniques and developing unprecedented methodologies as appropriate.

Preservation, Treatment, and Maintenance
Entry Level
    Implements treatment and maintenance of biotic landscape characteristics and associated features.

    Familiarity with the application of cultural and natural resource policies, standards, and guidelines for historic landscape treatment and maintenance which protects both cultural and natural resources.

    Basic knowledge of horticulture and landscape construction procedures. Ability to implement protective measures and procedures which minimize site disturbance and protect historic an archeological resources during treatment projects and maintenance operations.

    Ability to apply modified horticultural procedures, techniques, equipment, materials, and technology to protect and preserve cultural and natural landscape features.

    Ability to implement landscape treatment and maintenance recommendations and projects.

    Ability to implement landscape maintenance programs including site-specific preservation maintenance guidelines, calendars, and procedures.

    Ability to assist with field inspections and the preparation of reports, plans, and cost estimates to support landscape preservation maintenance operations.

    Ability to work effectively with park operations responsible for cultural landscape management in implementing maintenance operations.

    Ability to assist with evaluating and mitigating the impact of park operations, visitor use, environmental conditions, site construction and alterations, and maintenance practices on cultural landscape resources.


Developmental Level
    Coordinates and implements treatment and maintenance of biotic landscape characteristics and associated features.

    Knowledge and ability in the application of cultural and natural resource policies, standards, and guidelines for historic landscape treatment and maintenance which protects both cultural and natural resources.

    Knowledge of horticulture and landscape construction procedures. Ability in coordinating and incorporating protective measures and procedures which minimize site disturbance and protect historic and archeological resources during the implementation of treatment projects and maintenance operations.

    Ability to modify, apply, and adapt horticultural procedures, techniques, equipment, materials, and technology to resolve various problems and protect and preserve cultural and natural landscape resources.

    Ability to prescribe, coordinate, and implement landscape treatment and maintenance recommendations and projects including contract management.

    Ability to modify and implement landscape maintenance programs including site-specific preservation maintenance guidelines, calendars, and procedures.

    Ability to prepare and coordinate field inspections, reports, plans, specifications, and cost estimates to support landscape preservation maintenance operations.

    Ability to work effectively with park operations responsible for cultural landscape management in developing treatment and maintenance solutions.

    Ability to assist with evaluating and mitigating the impact of park operations, visitor use, environmental conditions, site construction and alterations, and maintenance practices on cultural landscape resources.


Full Performance Level
    Prescribes and implements treatment and maintenance of biotic landscape characteristics and associated features.

    Expertise in the application of cultural and natural resource policies, standards, and guidelines in prescribing treatment and maintenance in a manner which protects both cultural and natural resources.

    Comprehensive knowledge of horticulture and landscape construction procedures. Skill in developing and incorporating protective measures and procedures which minimize site disturbance and protect historic and archeological resources during the implementation of treatment projects and maintenance operations.

    Expertise to guide, develop, modify, apply, and adapt horticultural procedures, techniques, equipment, materials, and technology to resolve complex problems and issues to protect and preserve cultural and natural landscape resources.

    Proficiency in prescribing, coordinating, executing, and managing treatment and maintenance recommendations and projects including contract management.

    Expertise to guide, develop, and manage landscape maintenance programs including site specific preservation maintenance guidelines, calendars, and procedures.

    Skill in guiding, preparing, and supervising field inspections, reports, plans, specifications, and cost estimates to support landscape preservation maintenance operations.

    Proficient in working effectively with park operations responsible for cultural landscape management in developing treatment and maintenance solutions.

    Expertise to evaluate and mitigate the impact of park operations, visitor use, environmental conditions, site construction and alterations, and maintenance practices on cultural landscape resources.

Project and Program Management
Entry Level
    Serves as project manager for a wide variety of work including research and development for new horticultural applications and techniques, maintenance technical assistance, and treatment projects.

      A. Program Management

      Ability to assist with coordinating cultural landscape program activities with other park operational programs, such as historic structures, integrated pest management, and maintenance management

      Ability to assist with developing proposals, cooperative agreements, memoranda of understanding, etc., with appropriate organizations to carry out the objectives of the cultural landscape program.

      B. Project Management

      Ability to participate in interdisciplinary team work with professionals in allied fields such as planning, architecture, archeology, and the natural resource sciences and ability to serve as a team leader on a project.

      Ability to assist with review of projects.

      Ability to assist the Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative in landscape preservation and maintenance contracts, services contracts, and construction contracts.

      Ability to participate in the review of products produced by cooperators and contractors.

      Familiarity with compliance laws, regulations, and procedures with ability to oversee and conduct compliance procedures.


Developmental Level
    Serves as project manager for a wide variety of work including research and development for new horticultural applications and techniques, maintenance technical assistance, and treatment projects.

      A. Program Management

      Skill in conducting long-range planning and budget formulation based on a knowledge of the NPS budget process.

      Ability to assist in the facilitation of ongoing strategic planning including developing and prioritizing program goals, objectives, and initiatives.

      Ability to coordinate cultural landscape program activities with other park operational programs, such as historic structures, integrated pest management, and maintenance management.

      Ability to act as a liaison for the cultural landscape program with other offices of the National Park Service, professional organizations, such as the American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta, and the Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation; academic institutions; and other private/public groups to share and obtain state-of-the-art information on cultural landscape preservation maintenance and professional practice.

      Ability to develop proposals, cooperative agreements, memoranda of understanding, etc., with appropriate organizations to carry out the objectives of the cultural landscape program.

      B. Project Management

      Skill in interdisciplinary team work with professionals in allied fields such as planning, architecture, archeology, and the natural resource sciences and ability to serve as team leader on a project.

      Ability to provide review of complex projects and clearly articulate agency positions and direction.

      Ability to serve as the Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative in landscape preservation and maintenance contracts, services contract, and construction contracts.

      Skill in oversight and technical review of products produced by cooperators and contractors.

      Knowledge of compliance laws, regulations, and procedures with ability to oversee and conduct compliance procedures.


Full Performance Level
    Serves as program manager for landscape preservation maintenance and/or project manager for a wide variety of work including research and development for new horticultural applications and techniques, maintenance technical assistance, and treatment projects.

      A. Program Management

      Skill in developing and prioritizing program goals, objectives, and initiatives.

      Skill in conducting long-range planning and budget formulation based on a knowledge of the NPS budget process.

      Ability to facilitate ongoing strategic planning including developing and prioritizing program goals, objectives, and initiatives.

      Skill in coordinating cultural landscape program activities with other park operational programs such as historic structures, integrated pest management, and maintenance management.

      Skill in acting as a liaison for the cultural landscape program with other offices of the NPS professional organizations such as the American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta and the Alliance for

      Historic Landscape Preservation; academic institutions; and other private and public groups to share and obtain state-of-the-art information on cultural landscape preservation maintenance and professional practice.

      Skill in developing proposals, cooperative agreements, memoranda of understanding, etc., with appropriate organizations to carry out the objectives of the cultural landscape program.

      B. Project Management

      Skill in interdisciplinary team work with professionals in allied fields such as planning, architecture, archeology, and the natural resource sciences and ability to serve as team leader on a project.

      Skill in providing expert review of complex projects and to clearly articulate agency positions and direction.

      Skill in serving as the Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative in landscape preservation and maintenance contracts, services contract, and construction contracts.

      Skill in oversight and technical review of products produced by cooperators and contractors.

      Working knowledge of compliance laws, regulations, and procedures with ability to oversee and conduct compliance procedures.

Communications
Entry Level
    Communicates, interprets, and presents cultural landscape issues.

    Ability to assist with preparing articles, presentation of programs, and development of other interpretive projects on horticultural and landscape preservation topics.

    Ability to articulate landscape management issues verbally, graphically, and in writing.

    Ability to use standard computer software programs and ability to select and develop software applications to improve written and graphic communication.

    Ability to interpret the importance of cultural landscapes to the public.


Developmental Level
    Communicates, interprets, and presents information on cultural landscape issues.

    Ability to prepare articles, present programs, and develop other interpretive projects on horticultural and landscape preservation topics for professional conferences.

    Ability to make presentations and prepare papers for professional conferences and journals.

    Skill in using standard computer software programs and ability to select and develop software applications to improve written and graphic communication.

    Knowledge of the techniques for interpreting the significance and character of cultural landscapes to the public.


Full Performance Level
    Communicates, interprets, and presents critical horticultural and landscape preservation maintenance issues associated with cultural landscapes.

    Ability to prepare articles, present programs, and develop other interpretive projects on horticultural and landscape preservation topics for professional conferences.

    Skill in articulating complex landscape management issues verbally, graphically, and in writing.

    Skill in delivering formal presentations and preparing papers regarding cultural landscape preservation maintenance for professional conferences and journals.

    Skill in using standard computer software programs and ability to select and develop software applications to improve written and graphic communication.

    Skill in working with team members in the design and implementation of programs to interpret the significance and character of cultural landscapes to the public.