Competencies are a combination of knowledge, skills, and abilities that will allow an employee to effectively and efficiently do their job at their career level.  The six Essential Competencies for Cultural Resources are listed and defined below.  Within each competency’s description you will find a link to corresponding training and references.

Preservation Law, Philosophy, and Practice
Employees should seek to expand their knowledge of the origins and development of the historic preservation movement, as well as a thorough understanding of historic preservation philosophy, theory, and application within both the National Park Service, and the larger United States. This includes the ability to interpret and effectively apply the laws, regulations, standards, and NPS management policies and guidelines relating to the management, protection, preservation, and appropriate use of cultural resources, both inside and outside park boundaries. Show related training/reference materials
Communication
Employees should seek to expand their knowledge and skills to diplomatically and effectively communicate with and engage decision makers, diverse partners, and stakeholders – both internally and externally – for the purposes of resource stewardship and funding capacity. This includes developing and implementing robust public interpretation and education programs that emphasize and are informed by relevancy, partnerships, and civic engagement.
Preservation, Treatment, and Maintenance
Employees should seek to expand their knowledge and understanding of best practices for preservation, treatment, and preventative maintenance strategies for cultural resources  according to their respective professional disciplines. This includes the skills needed to perform condition assessments, prioritization, treatment, maintenance, and record-keeping within the framework of sustainability, preservation laws, NPS management policies, standards, and guidelines.
Project and Program Management
Employees should see to expand the knowledge and skills required to perform projects, program, and workforce management. This includes developing scopes of work, utilizing NPS and other funding sources, generating cost estimates, developing budget/grant proposals, funding requests, procuring professional services, creating work plans and schedules, and evaluating and documenting projects.
Preservation Planning and Compliance
Employees should seek to expand their knowledge, understanding, and capability in applying NPS planning policies and guidelines to make informed decisions for resource stewardship. This includes knowledge of legal responsibilities and compliance processes articulated in the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, and other relevant laws – and the enabling regulations and policies associated with them.
Research and Inventory
Employees should seek to expand the knowledge and skills required to apply cultural resource preservation criteria, standards, and guidelines to the identification, evaluation, and documentation of cultural resources both inside and outside park boundaries.  This includes the ability to participate in and conduct cultural resource research and inventories, as well as analyze, apply, and record cultural resource data using existing and emerging technologies.